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XIAOTIME, 28 December 2012: ANG KABAYANIHAN NI DR. JOSÉ RIZAL

Broadcast of Xiaotime news segment yesterday, 28 December 2012, at News@1 and News@6 of PTV 4, simulcast over Radyo ng Bayan DZRB 738 khz AM:

Ang buong larawan ng pagbaril kay Rizal sa Luneta de Bagumbayan (Ngayon ay Rizal Park) noong December 30, 1896.

Ang buong larawan ng pagbaril kay Rizal sa Luneta de Bagumbayan (Ngayon ay Rizal Park) noong December 30, 1896.

28 December 2012, Friday:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X1YG4ICvjPc

Para sa mas maraming larawan tingnan ang:  https://xiaochua.wordpress.com/2012/12/25/the-last-days-of-jose-rizal-a-timeline-of-his-last-arrest-incarceration-execution-and-the-journey-of-his-remains/

Makasaysayang araw po, it’s Xiaotime!  100 years ago sa linggo, December 30, 1912, nang muling ilibing ang ating National Hero na si José Rizal.  Ang National Historical Commission of the Philippines at kami sa Order of the Knights of Rizal ang mangunguna sa muling pagsasadula ng paglilibing kay Rizal sa Luneta sa madaling araw hanggang umaga ng Linggo, lumahok po tayo.

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Gayundin, 116 years ago sa nasabi ring araw, December 30, 1896, nang barilin si Rizal.  Para sa mga napatunayang taksil sa Espanya na katulad ni Rizal, sila ay binabaril nang nakatalikod, upang sa kanilang pagbagsak ay susubsob ang mukha nila sa lupa, isang kamatayang walang dangal.  Ngunit, ayon sa kwento sa atin, upang maiwasan ito, bago tamaan ng bala, humarap si Rizal sa mga punglo at bumagsak.  Ayon sa ilang historyador, mali ito.  Huh??? Liwanagin natin.  Tila mas maganda ang totoong mga nangyari.  6:30 ng umaga nang simulan ni Rizal at ng mga kasama ang paglakad patungo sa Luneta de Bagumbayan.  Sabi ni Floro Quibuyen, na mas pinili ni Rizal ang lumakad kaysa sumakay sa karwahe dahil sa paglalakad ay nagbubuo ang drama.  Sinuot din niya ang pinakamaganda niyang kasuotan at nagsumbrero pa.  Kasama niya ang mga dating guro sa Ateneo na sina Padre Vilaclara at Padre March na kanya pang binibiro.  Hindi sila tumatawa.  Kasama si Padre Federico Faura na guro ni Rizal, ang dalawang Heswita na ito ay mamamatay lahat sa loob ng isang taon lamang.  Habang naglalakad sa tabing dagat sinabi pa ni Rizal, “Kayganda ng umaga, sa mga umagang ganito, lumalakad ako noon dito kasama ang aking sinta.”

Aktwal na larawan ng pagdating ni Rizal sa Luneta de Bagumbayan.

Aktwal na larawan ng pagdating ni Rizal sa Luneta de Bagumbayan.

Pagdating niya sa lugar ng pagbabarilan, ilang metro mula sa kung nasaan ang monumento ngayon, kanyang hiniling sa kapitan na huwag siyang barilin ng nakatalikod sapagkat hindi siya isang taksil.  Tumanggi ang kapitan sa hiling na ito, bagama’t hindi na siya pinaluhod at hindi na nilagyan ng piring tulad ng ginagawa sa ibang binibitay.  Binilin na lang niya na barilin siya sa likod malapit sa puso.  Isang doktor na Espanyol ang kumuha ng kanyang pulso.  Normal ito.  Hindi siya takot mamatay.  Alas siyete tres ng umaga.  Sumigaw ang kapitan, “Preparado.”  Ikinasa ang mga baril ng walong indiong sundalo, sa likuran nila, walong Espanyol na babaril sa kanila kung hindi nila paputukan si Rizal.  “Apunten,” itinutok ang mga baril at sa eksaktong tagpong ito, kinuha ang larawan na ito at makikita na relax na relax na nakatayo ang ating National Hero.  Sumigaw siya ng “Consummatum est!”  Tapos na ang kanyang misyon, ipinasa na niya sa bayan ang sulo.  Binagsak ng kapitan ang kanyang espada at sumigaw ng “Fuego!”  Pumutok ang mga baril.  At si Rizal, na isang gymnast at may alam sa Physics, nang tamaan ng mga bala malapit sa likod malapit sa puso ay ginamit ang pwersa ng mga ito upang umikot at bumagsak ng nakatingin sa langit!  Namatay ng may dangal.  Sumigaw ang mga Espanyol, “Viva España!  Muerte de los Traidores!”  Patay na ang numero unong kalaban ng Imperyong Espanyol.

Detalye ng pabalat ng pansentenaryong edisyon ng THE FIRST FILIPINO ni Leon Ma. Guerrero na nagpapakita ng nakatumbang letrang "I" na kumatawan sa patay na Rizal na nag-alay ng dugo para sa pagbubuo ng bansa.

Detalye ng pabalat ng pansentenaryong edisyon ng THE FIRST FILIPINO ni Leon Ma. Guerrero na nagpapakita ng nakatumbang letrang “I” na kumatawan sa patay na Rizal na nag-alay ng dugo para sa pagbubuo ng bansa.

Ngunit sa kanyang pagkamatay, nabigyang buhay ang diwa at inspirasyon ng marami na lumaban sa mga mananakop.  At nagwagi ang ating himagsikan laban sa Espanya matapos ang dalawang taon!  Si Rizal ay marangal, ang mga Anak ng Bayan ay marangal, tayo ay mga Pilipino, tayo ay marangal.  Ako po si Xiao Chua para sa Telebisyon ng Bayan, and that was Xiaotime.

(PTV, 19 December 2012)

THE LAST DAYS OF JOSÉ RIZAL: A Timeline of His Last Arrest, Incarceration, Execution and the Journey of His Remains

Rizal, painted by Juan Luna

Rizal, painted by Juan Luna

Compiled by Prof. Sir Michael Charleston “Xiao” B. Chua, K.O.R.

Order of the Knights of Rizal, Sucesos Chapter

This brief timeline was prepared by a historian for the commemoration of the centenary of the transfer of José Rizal’s remains to its present burial site at the Rizal Park which will be re-enacted by the Order of the Knights of Rizal on 30 December 2012.  This timeline was featured at ABS-CBN News.com http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/lifestyle/12/10/12/last-days-rizal, at the Bagumbayan (The official newsletter of the Order of the Knights of Rizal) and at the souvenir program of the recently concluded 50th National Rizal Youth Leadership Institute.  Special thanks to Sir Choy Arnaldo for encouraging me to make this timeline.

6 October 1896, 3:00 AM:  On his 4th day of being held in his cabin at the MV Isla de Panay docked at Barcelona, Spain on his way to Cuba, Rizal was awakened to be brought to Montjuich Prison in Barcelona, Spain.

6 October, 2:00 PM:  Interview with General Eulogio Despujol

Eulogio Despujol.  Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

Eulogio Despujol. Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

6 October, 8:00 PM:  Aboard the Colon, Rizal left Barcelona for Manila.

3 November:  Rizal was brought to Fort Santiago, where other patriots, including his brother Paciano, were being tortured to implicate him. Paciano refused to sign anything despite being his body broken and his left hand crushed.

The only photo of Paciano Rizal, a stolen shot.  Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

The only photo of Paciano Rizal, a stolen shot. Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

20 November:  Preliminary investigation began with Rizal appearing before Judge Advocate Colonel Francisco Olive.  The investigation lasted five days.

26 November:  The records of the case were handed over to Governor General Ramon Blanco who then appointed Captain Rafael Dominguez as special Judge Advocate.

Detail from

Detail from “Governor Ramon Blanco and his Troops” by Felix Martinez, 1895. National Art Gallery, National Museum of the Philippines.

8 December:  From a list submitted to him by the authorities, he chose the brother of his friend, Lt. Luis Taviel de Andrade to become his trial lawyer.  He was only made to choose among army officers and not a civilian lawyer.

Lt. Luis Taviel de Andrade.  Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

Lt. Luis Taviel de Andrade. Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

11 December:  In his prison cell, Rizal was read the charges against him:  “principal organizer and the living soul of the Filipino insurrection, the founder of societies, periodicals and books dedicated to fomenting and propagating the ideas of rebellion.”

13 December:  Ramon Blanco was replaced by Camilo de Polavieja, a more ruthless character, as Governor General of the Philippines.  Dominguez submitted the papers of the Rizal case to Malacañan Palace.

Governor General Camilo G. de Polavieja.  Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

Governor General Camilo G. de Polavieja. Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

15 December:  Rizal issued his manifesto to certain Filipinos calling to end the “absurd” rebellion and to fight for liberties with education as a prerequisite.  The authorities supressed the manifesto.

25 December:  Rizal’s saddest Christmas, away from family and friends.

Rizal's cell from 3 November to 29 December 1896.  Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

Rizal’s cell from 3 November to 29 December 1896. Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

26 December, 8:00 AM:  Trial of Rizal began at the Cuartel de España.  On the same day, the court-martial secretly and unanimously voted for a guilty verdict with the penalty of death before a firing squad.

Cuartel de Espana, used to be at the present site of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila.  Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

Cuartel de Espana, used to be at the present site of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

28 December:  Polavieja signs the death verdict.

29 December, 6:00 AM:  Rizal was read his verdict by Captain Rafael Dominguez: To be shot the next day at 7:00 AM at the Luneta de Bagumbayan (Rizal Park).

29 December, 7:00 AM:  Rizal was transferred to the chapel cell adorned by religious images to convince him to go back to the Catholic fold.  His first visitors were Jesuit priests Fathers Miguel Saderra Mata and Luis Viza.

29 December, 7:15 AM:  After Fr. Saderra left, Rizal asked Fr. Viza for the Sacred Heart statuette which he carved when he was an Ateneo student.  From his pocket the statuette appears.

29 December, 8:00 AM:  Fr. Viza was relieved by Fr. Antonio Rosell who joined Rizal for breakfast.  Lt. Luis Taviel de Andrade joins them.

29 December, 9:00 AM:  Fr. Federico Faura, who once said that Rizal would lose his head for writing the Noli Me Tangere, arrived.  Rizal told him, “Father you are indeed a prophet.”

29 December, 10:00 AM:  Fathers José Vilaclara and Estanislao March visited Rizal, followed by a Spanish journalist, Santiago Mataix of El Heraldo de Madrid, for an interview.

29 December, 12:00-3:30 PM:  Rizal’s time alone in his cell.  He had lunch, wrote letters and probably wrote his last poem of 14 stanzas which he wrote in his flowing handwriting in a very small piece of paper.  He hid it inside his alcohol stove.  The untitled poem was later known as Mi Ultimo Adios (My Last Farewell).  In its second stanza, he already praised the revolutionaries in the battlefield for giving their lives “without doubt, without gloom.”

 

First page of the

First page of the “Mi Ultimo Adios” in Rizal’s own handwriting

29 December, 3:00 PM:  According to an account of the agent of the Cuerpo de Vigilancia guarding Rizal’s cell, Rizal signed what seems to be the document retracting his anti-Catholic writings and his membership in masonry.  This event is a contentious issue among Rizal experts.

Rizal Writing His Farewell Letter by B. Gonzales.  Rizal Shrine in Fort Santiago, National Historical Commission of the Philippines.

Rizal Writing His Farewell Letter by B. Gonzales. Rizal Shrine in Fort Santiago, National Historical Commission of the Philippines.

Rizal's alcohol burner, a gift from the Pardo de Taveras where he hid his last poem.  Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

Rizal’s alcohol burner, a gift from the Pardo de Taveras where he hid his last poem. Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

29 December, 4:00 PM:  Visit of Rizal’s mother, Teodora Alonso.  Then Rizal’s sister Trinidad entered to get her mother and Rizal whispered to her in English referring to the alcohol stove, “There is something inside.”  They were also accompanied by Narcisa, Lucia, Josefa, Maria and son Mauricio Cruz.  Leoncio Lopez Rizal, Narcisa’s eleven-year-old son, was not allowed to enter the cell.  While leaving for their carriages, an official handed over the alcohol stove to Narcisa.  After their visit, Fathers Vilaclara and Estanislao March returned to the cell followed by Father Rosell.

Teodora Alonso, the matriarch of the Rizal clan, with her daughters and grandchildren.  Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

Teodora Alonso, the matriarch of the Rizal clan, with her daughters and grandchildren. Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

29 December, 6:00 PM: Rizal was visited by the Dean of the Manila Cathedral, Don Silvino Lopez Tuñon. Father March left Father Vilaclara to be with the two.

29 December, 8:00 PM:  Rizal’s last supper where he informed Captain Dominguez that he already forgave those who condemned him.

29 December, 9:30 PM:  Rizal was visited by the fiscal of the Royal Audiencia of Manila, Don Gaspar Cestaño with whom Rizal offered the best chair of the cell.  According to accounts, the fiscal left with “a good impression of Rizal’s intelligence and noble character.”

The so-called Rizal retraction

The so-called Rizal retraction

30 December, 5:30 AM:  Rizal took his last meal.  According to stories told to Narcisa by Lt. Luis Taviel de Andrade, Rizal threw some eggs in the corner of a cell for the “poor rats,” “Let them have their fiesta too.”  Rizal also wrote to his family and to his brother.

30 December, 5:00 AM:  Teary-eyed Josephine Bracken and Josefa Rizal came.  According to the testimony of the agent of the Cuerpo de Vigilancia, Josephine and Rizal were married.  Josephine was gifted by Rizal with the classic Thomas á Kempis book Imitations of Christ in which he inscribed, “To my dear and unhappy wife, Josephine, December 30th, 1896, Jose Rizal.”  They embraced for the last time.

Josephine Bracken at 18. Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

Josephine Bracken at 18. Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

wedding_gift

30 December, 6:00 AM:  Rizal wrote his father, Francisco Mercado “My beloved Father, Pardon me for the pain with which I repay you for sorrows and sacrifices for my education.  I did not want nor did I prefer it.  Goodbye, Father, goodbye… Jose Rizal.”  To his mother, he had only these words, “To my very dear Mother, Sra. Dña Teodora Alonso 6 o’clock in the morning, December 30, 1896.  Jose Rizal.”

30 December, 6:30 AM:  Death march from Fort Santiago to Bagumbayan begins.  4 soldiers with bayoneted rifles lead the procession followed by Rizal, Taviel de Andrade, Fathers Vilaclara and March and other soldiers.  They passed by the Intramuros plaza, then turned right to the Postigo gate then left at Malecon, the bayside road now known as Bonifacio Drive.

The Last Walk from Fort Santiago.  National Historical Commission of the Philippines

The Last Walk from Fort Santiago. National Historical Commission of the Philippines

Retracing Rizal's footsteps in brass at Fort Santiago.  Photo by Xiao Chua

Retracing Rizal’s footsteps in brass at Fort Santiago. Photo by Xiao Chua

Rizal arrives at the execution site.  Rizal Shrine in Calamba, National Historical Commission of the Philippines.

Rizal arrives at the execution site. Rizal Shrine in Calamba, National Historical Commission of the Philippines.

Actual photo of Rizal's arrival at the Luneta, 30 December 1896.

Actual photo of Rizal’s arrival at the Luneta, 30 December 1896.

30 December, 7:00 AM:  Rizal, after arriving on the execution site at the Luneta de Bagumbayan, was checked with his pulse by Dr. Felipe Ruiz Castillo.  It was perfectly normal.  Rizal once wrote, “I wish to show those who deny us patriotism that we know how to die for our duty and our convictions.”

Actual photo of Rizal's execution, as the soldiers aimed their guns at their relaxed victim.  Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

Actual photo of Rizal’s execution, as the soldiers aimed their guns at their relaxed victim. Courtesy of Vibal Foundation, Inc.

“Preparen.” “Apunten.”  Rizal shouted, “Consummatum est.”  It is done.

30 December, 7:03 AM:  With the captain shouting “Fuego!”  Shouts rang out from the guns of eight indio soldiers.  Rizal, being a convicted criminal was not facing the firing squad.  As he was hit, he resists and turns himself to face his executors. He falls down, and dies facing the sky.

“Fuego!” Detail from a mural by Carlos “Botong” Francisco at the Rizal Shrine at Fort Santiago, National Historical Commission of the Philippines.

“Viva España!  Muerte a los traidores!”

But in two years, the victorious Philippine revolutionaries will seal the fate of the Spanish Empire in the east.  Three hundred thirty three years of Spanish Colonialism ended in 1898.

Bonifacio, Father of the Filipino Nation and Initiator of the Philippine Revolution.  Detail from the mural

Bonifacio, Father of the Filipino Nation and Initiator of the Philippine Revolution. Detail from the mural “History of Manila” by Carlos “Botong” Francisco at the Manila City Hall.

30 December 1896, afternoon:  Narcisa, after a long search, discovered where her brother’s body was secretly buried, at the old unused Paco Cemetery.  She asked the guards to place a marble plaque designed by Doroteo Ongjungco containing Rizal’s initials in reverse—“RPJ.”

Rizal's grave at Paco Park.  From the exhibit for the Rizal Sesquicentennial International Conference at the University of the Philippines.

Rizal’s grave at Paco Park. From the exhibit for the Rizal Sesquicentennial International Conference at the University of the Philippines.

Rizal's cranium.  Photo courtesy of Dr. Ambeth R. Ocampo

Rizal’s cranium. Photo courtesy of Dr. Ambeth R. Ocampo

17 August 1898:  Four days after the Mock Battle of Manila when the Americans took over the city, the remains of Rizal where exhumed.  They were brought to Narcisa’s house, washed and cleansed and were placed in an ivory urn designed by Romualdo Teodoro de Jesus.  The urn stayed there until 1912.

Teodora Alonso shows visitors Rizal's skull from the urn.  Photo courtesy of Dr. Ambeth R. Ocampo

Teodora Alonso shows visitors Rizal’s skull from the urn. Photo courtesy of Dr. Ambeth R. Ocampo

Rizal's urn.  Photo courtesy of Dr. Vic Torres.

Rizal’s urn. Photo courtesy of Dr. Vic Torres.

29 December 1912:  From Estraude Street in Binondo, Manila, the urn was transferred in a procession headed by the masons and the Knights of Rizal to the marble hall of the Ayuntamiento de Manila, where it stayed overnight with the Knights on guard.

Knights of Rizal guarding the urn at the Marble Hall of the Ayuntamiento de Manila.  Note the masonic symbol amidst the flowers and the initials CR meaning Caballeros de Rizal (Knights of Rizal).  Courtesy of In Excelsis by Felice Prudente Sta, Maria.

Knights of Rizal guarding the urn at the Marble Hall of the Ayuntamiento de Manila. Note the masonic symbol amidst the flowers and the initials CR meaning Caballeros de Rizal (Knights of Rizal). Courtesy of In Excelsis by Felice Prudente Sta, Maria.

30 December 1912, morning:  In a solemn procession, the urn began its last journey to Rizal’s final resting place the base of the soon-to-rise national monument to José Rizal.

Knights of Rizal in solemn procession in the only decent burial Rizal will have, 30 December 1912.

Knights of Rizal in solemn procession in the only decent burial Rizal will have, 30 December 1912.

30 December 1913:  The Rizal National Monument at the Luneta was inaugurated.  Its original design name was “Motto Stella” (Guiding Star) and was made by Swiss sculptor Dr. Richard Kissling who earlier also made the National Monument to William Tell, the National Hero of Switzerland.

“Motto Stella” by Dr. Richard Kissling. From Austin Craig.

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30 December 2012:  The transfer of the remains of Rizal from Binondo to the site of the Rizal Monument was recreated one hundred years later by the Order of the Knights of Rizal and the National Historical Commission of the Philippines in commemoration of Rizal’s 116th Martyrdom Anniversary.

XIAOTIME, 21 December 2012: STATE FUNERAL PARA KAY DR. JOSÉ RIZAL

Broadcast of Xiaotime news segment yesterday, 21 December 2012, at News@1 and News@6 of PTV 4, simulcast over Radyo ng Bayan DZRB 738 khz AM:

Bungo ni Rizal.  Larawan mula kay Dr. Ambeth Ocampo

Bungo ni Rizal. Larawan mula kay Dr. Ambeth Ocampo

21 December 2012, Friday:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iaqY5uah7hw

Makasaysayang araw po, it’s Xiaotime!  Sa December 30, muling isasadula ng National Historical Commission of the Philippines at ng Knights of Rizal ang paglilibing kay Gat. Dr. José Rizal sa Luneta makalipas ang isandaang taon.  Masalimuot ang naging paglalakbay ng bangkay ng ating National Hero.

Larawan ni Rizal, obra maestra ni RB Enriquez.  Nasa Department of English and Comparative Lietrature of UP Diliman.  Kuha ni Xiao Chua.

Larawan ni Rizal, obra maestra ni RB Enriquez. Nasa Department of English and Comparative Lietrature of UP Diliman. Kuha ni Xiao Chua.

Matapos niyang mabaril sa Luneta de Bagumbayan, hindi ibinigay ng mga awtoridad ang bangkay niya sa kanyang pamilya sa kabila ng pakiusap ng kaniyang inang si Doña Teodora Alonso.  Agad naghanap ng mga bagong hukay na mga libingan ang kapatid ni Rizal na si Narcisa sa Paang Bundok o North Cemetery kung saan ibinilin ni Rizal na mailibing.  Ngunit nabalitaan niya na mayroong bagong hukay na libingan sa hindi na ginagamit na sementeryo ng Paco.  Noong hapon daw na iyon, binayaran niya ang mga bantay nito at ipinalagay ang panandang marmol ng kanyang nakabaligtad na initials—RPJ, upang hindi nakawin ang bangkay o hindi ilipat ng mga Espanyol.

Isang paggunita ng mga pamilya at kaibigan sa naging libingan ni Rizal sa Sementeryo ng Paco, 1902.  Larawan mula sa eksibit ng Rizal Sesquicentennial International Conference ng Unibersidad ng Pilipinas noong Hunyo 2011.

Isang paggunita ng mga pamilya at kaibigan sa naging libingan ni Rizal sa Sementeryo ng Paco, 1902. Larawan mula sa eksibit ng Rizal Sesquicentennial International Conference ng Unibersidad ng Pilipinas noong Hunyo 2011.

Nang masakop ng mga Amerikano ang Maynila matapos ang Mock Battle of Manila, noong Agosto 1898, hinukay na muli ang bangkay ni Rizal at doon napatunayan na inilibing siya ng walang dangal, walang kabaong.

Ang urnong ivory o garing na dinisenyo ni Romualdo Teodoro de Jesus.  Larawan mula kay Dr. Vic Torres.

Ang urnong ivory o garing na dinisenyo ni Romualdo Teodoro de Jesus. Larawan mula kay Dr. Vic Torres.

Dinala sa bahay ni Narcisa sa Binondo ang mga buto, hinugasan at inilagay sa urno garing o ivory na dinisenyo ni Romualdo Teodoro de Jesus.  Doon namalagi ang mga labi ni Rizal hanggang 1912.

Ang ina ni Rizal na si Teodora Alonso habang ipinapamalas ang bungo ng anak sa kanilang tahanan sa Binondo.  Larawan mula kay Dr. Ambeth Ocampo.

Ang ina ni Rizal na si Teodora Alonso habang ipinapamalas ang bungo ng anak sa kanilang tahanan sa Binondo. Larawan mula kay Dr. Ambeth Ocampo.

Ang ina ni Rizal, kung maibigan, ay ipakikita pa sa mga bisita ang bungo ng anak.

Ang paglilipat ng mga Caballeros de Rizal at ng mga mason sa mga labi ni Rizal patungo sa huling hantungan nito sa Luneta de Bagumbayan.  Larawan mula sa In Excelsis ni Felice Prudente Sta. Maria.

Ang paglilipat ng mga Caballeros de Rizal at ng mga mason sa mga labi ni Rizal patungo sa huling hantungan nito sa Luneta de Bagumbayan, Deceber 30, 1912. Larawan mula sa In Excelsis ni Felice Prudente Sta. Maria.

Noong December 29, 1912, mula sa Kalye Estraude sa Binondo, Maynila, ipinrusisyon ng mga mason at ng mga Caballeros de Rizal o Knights of Rizal ang urno patungo sa Ayuntamiento sa Intramuros kung saan buong gabi itong binantayan.

Isang Cabllero ni Rizal habang binabantayan ang mga labi Rizal sa bulwagang marmol ng Ayuntamiento de Manila.  Larawan mula sa In Excelsis ni Felice Prudente Sta. Maria.

Isang Cabllero ni Rizal habang binabantayan ang mga labi Rizal sa bulwagang marmol ng Ayuntamiento de Manila. Larawan mula sa In Excelsis ni Felice Prudente Sta. Maria.

Kinaumagahan, sa isang solemn procession, naglakbay sa huling pagkakataon ang mga labi ni Rizal at inilibing sa magiging paanan ng pambansang monumento para kay Rizal na manggagaling pa sa Switzerland.

Ang mga Caballeros de Rizal (Knights of Rizal) habang dinadala ang mga labi ni Rizal sa isang prusison patungo sa Luneta.  Larawan mula sa koleksyon ni Renato Perdon.

Ang mga Caballeros de Rizal (Knights of Rizal) habang dinadala ang mga labi ni Rizal sa isang prusison patungo sa Luneta. Larawan mula sa koleksyon ni Renato Perdon.

Ngunit hindi lahat ng buto ni Rizal ay nailibing doon.  May nag-iisang piraso, isang vertebra o bahagi ng spine na tinamaan ng bala ang ibinukod at ngayon ay matutunghayan sa isang relikaryo sa Rizal Shrine, ang museo ng pinagkulungan ni sa Fort Santiago.

Ang vertebra ni Rizal na tinamaan daw ng bala.  Nasa Rizal Shrine sa Fort Santiago.  Kuha ni Camille Eva Marie Conde.

Ang vertebra ni Rizal na tinamaan daw ng bala. Nasa Rizal Shrine sa Fort Santiago. Kuha ni Camille Eva Marie Conde.

Ang mangyayaring muling pagsasadula ng paglilibing sa ating National Hero sa Luneta ang siyang tanging pagkakataon na tila magkakaroon muli ng State Funeral si Rizal, ang unang pagkakataon na mapaparangalan ang kanyang mga labi bilang isang malaya at nagsasariling bansa.  Kaya sa prusisyon mula Binondo hanggang Luneta sa umaga ng December 30, 2012, makilahok po tayo!  Ako po si Xiao Chua para sa Telebisyon ng Bayan, and that was Xiaotime.

(PTV, 13 December 2012)

XIAOTIME, 24 October 2012: CABALLEROS DE RIZAL, Ang Knights of Rizal

Broadcast of Xiaotime news segment yesterday, 24 October 2012, at News@1 and News@6 of PTV 4, simulcast over Radyo ng Bayan DZRB 738 khz AM:

Ang mga Caballeros ni Rizal kasama si Manuel Luis Quezon, larawan mula kay Dr. Ambeth R. Ocampo.

24 October 2012, Wednesday:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xVW3NFJRetg

Makasaysayang araw po, it’s Xiaotime!  Alay ang episode na ito sa mga kasama kong sina Jonathan Balsamo, Mark Boado, Noel de Guia at John Ray Ramos.  Ako po ay nagsusuot ngayon ng uniporme ng aming organisasyon, ang Order of the Knights of Rizal.  Huh?  Knights?  Sa panahon ng Facebook, Twitter at Gungnam Style???  Ano ang ginagawa namin dito?  Listen up, ‘yo!  Ang Knights of Rizal ay nagsimula, 100 years ago, December 30, 1911 nang si Colonel Antonio C. Torres ay nagtawag ng mga lalaki mula sa iba’t ibang sektor upang alalahanin ng mainam ang kamatayan ni Gat. Dr. José Rizal.  Makalipas ang isang taon, December 30, 1912, sila ang nanguna kasama ng mga mason sa paglipat ng mga labi ni Rizal patungo sa sayt ng magiging Rizal Monument sa Luneta kung saan nakahimlay ang mga ito hanggang ngayon.  Taon-taon, ang mga kaibigan ni Col. Torres ay sumasakay sa mga kabayo sa kanilang paggunita sa Araw ni Rizal, kaya nakilala sila bilang mga “Caballeros de Rizal.”  Cool!

Ang Caballeros ni Rizal nililipat ang mga labi ni Dr. Dr. José Rizal, larawan mula sa In Excelsis ni Felice Prudente Sta. Maria

Pormal silang nag-organisa bilang isang samahan noong November 16, 1916.  Noong 1951, ginawaran ng Legislative Charter ang samahan sa pamamagitan ng Republic Act 646 na nagtatakda na ang Knights of Rizal ang magsusulong ng social discipline, civic virtues at love of country.  Ayon pa sa batas, “Let Rizal’s life and martyrdom influence and guide the destiny of the nation.  Let this and future generations live the Rizal Way.”  At sa loob ng 50 years na, taunang isinasagawa ng Knights of Rizal ang NRYLI o ang National Rizal Youth Leadership Institute Conference.  Gaganapin ito ngayong taon sa December 13 hanggang 16 sa Teachers Camp, Baguio City sa pamumuno ng aming Supreme Commander Sir Reghis M. Romero II, KGCR.  Dito, kasama sina Lourd de Veyra, Howie Severino at iba pa, hihimukin ang lahat ng kabataan sa pamamagitan ng iba’t ibang mga lektura at aktibidad na “Buhayin si Rizal sa Bawat Batang Pilipino.”

Sir Reghis M. Romero II, KGCR

Lourd de Veyra

Howie Severino

Para sa karagdagang impormasyon, i-message o i-follow ang @justlikerizal sa twitter o sa Hello@ N Y R L I dot com sa e-mail.  Magkita-kita po tayo doon.  Sabi ni Rizal ukol sa kabataang Pilipino sa kanyang salaysay na “Pilipinas sa Loob ng Isang Daang Taon,” “Sa mga bagong sibol na ta-ong magmumula sa kanyang sinapupunan at kapag naalala nila ang nakaraan,…sila ay lalayang muli, tulad ng ibon na nakawala sa hawla, tulad ng bulaklak na bumubukadkad sa hangin, muli nilang maibabalik ang kanilang mga magagandang katangian na unti-unti na nilang nakakaligtaan at muli’y magiging mapagmahal sa kapayapaan, masayahin, masigla, may ngiti, magiliw at walang takot.”  Ang mga pag-asa ng bayan ni Rizal, ang mga kabataan, na nagbabalik tanaw sa kasaysayan ang magpapaunlad ng bayan.  Kabataan man tayo, munti man ang mga bagay na nagagawa natin, hindi ito masasayang.  Tulad ng lagi naming sinasabing mga kabalyero ni Rizal, hindi lahat sa akin ay mamamtay.  Non omnis moriar.  Ako po si Xiao Chua para sa Telebisyon ng Bayan, and that was Xiaotime.

(Yuchengco Hall, DLSU Manila, 18 October 2012)

Supreme Commander Sir Reghis Romero II, KGCR confers knighthood on Sir Xiao Chua, KOR, 14 April 2012 (Courtesy of Sir Choy Arnaldo)

Ang Supreme Council at ang bagong Sucesos (Young Historians) Chapter ng Order of the Knights of Rizal na pinangungunahan ni Commander Sir Jonathan Balsamo, KCR, 14 April 2012.